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Discover Your Backyard – The Picturesque Fishing Communities of Moray, Scotland

Updated: Jun 15

Author: Barry Pickard

Moray is the region between The Highlands and Aberdeenshire in Scotland and is fast becoming a must visit destination. Moray has it all, boasting impressive landscapes, from endless sandy beaches to the imposing Cairngorm Mountains, as well as exciting historical attractions, with plentiful castles, palaces and Pictish sites. For this travel blog post, however, we shall present a tour of the region’s enchanting seascapes, and in particular, the picturesque little fishing villages and towns that dot the coast, from Findhorn to Sandend.

For several hundred years, fishing was an important industry along the Moray coast, with salmon and herring being caught in sufficient quantities to be exported into Europe. Many small fishing communities sprouted up along the coast to exploit this profitable industry during medieval times.

The herring boom may have peaked by the start of the 1900’s, but efforts quickly switched to trawling and seine-netting during the turn of the century. However, technological advances increased the size of fishing ships, outgrowing many of the small harbours, and at the same time these advances increased efficiency, reducing the number of fishermen required. Sadly, commercial fishing then began to disappear from many of the villages and towns of Moray, often leaving them as picturesque tourist destinations or dormitories to the larger towns in the area.

Today commercial fishing in this area is mainly operated through the nearby ports of Fraserburgh, Peterhead and to a lesser extent, Aberdeen. Indeed, around half of the fish landed in Scotland come into these harbours of the North East.

If you this post, then check out our previous blog post on the fishing villages of Aberdeenshire.

Tailor-Made Itineraries delights in creating bespoke self-guided tours. So, if visiting Moray appeals to you, reach out to me by email. I would be more than happy to design a self-guided tour around your requirements incorporating Moray’s attractions, or indeed, a general tour of Scotland.


Findhorn sits on the eastern shore of the beautiful Findhorn Bay and was erected into a burgh of barony by act of Parliament in 1661. In the seventeenth century Findhorn was the principal seaport of Moray and vessels regularly sailed to and from all parts of the North Sea and as far as the Baltic Ports. Changes to the narrow and shallow entrance to the Bay created obstacles to navigation and as the size of trading vessels increased so the volume of trade to the village declined. By the nineteenth century fishing predominated. This industry also went into decline and today Findhorn is more of a dormitory suburb and more famous for the spiritual community of the Findhorn Foundation.

Tailor-Made Top Tip: Visit Findhorn’s oldest building - The Crown and Anchor Inn – which dates from 1739 and enjoy a pleasant drink and hearty meal.


Burghead's history stretches far back to a time when its hillfort was most likely the capital of the Pictish Kingdom of Fortriu. Evidence of settlement can be found as far back as 300AD, however, much of this was wiped away when the modern town of Burghead was built between 1805 and 1809. Construction on the harbour was commenced in 1807 based on the designs of Thomas Telford. Indeed, today three of his original storehouses still stand at the side of the harbour. Fishing, particularly herring fishing, was a large part of the town's economy and up to 40 fishing boats used the harbour in the 1830s. Today, Langoustine fishing for the European market is now the only significant fishing industry in Burghead.

As well as its Pictish fort and carved stones, Burghead is also famous for its fire festival - The Burning of the Clavie - which greets the New Year on 11 January. The waters around the town are also rich in sealife, with whales, dolphins, porpoises and seals being regularly spotted.

Tailor-Made Top Tip: Make sure to go the Burghead Visitor’s Centre for a great introduction to the town’s fascinating history.

Burghead Visitor’s Centre
Burghead Visitor’s Centre


Hopeman was founded in 1805 to house and re-employ people displaced during the Highland clearances. Initially built as a fishing port by William Young of Inverugie, it was expanded when the new harbour was built in 1838 for the export of stone from the nearby quarries.  

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Lossiemouth, often referred as 'the jewel of the Moray Firth', is blessed with two sandy beaches, glorious dunes and beautiful countryside. With over 1,000 years of settlement in the area, the present day town was formed over the past 250 years and consists of four separate communities that eventually merged into one.

By the end of the 17th century, the Seatown settlement at Lossiemouth was established as a port for the town of Elgin, 6 miles away. A new jetty was built in 1764, but tragedy struck on Christmas Day 1806 when three fishing boats perished with a loss of 25 men, leaving 17 widows and 47 orphaned children. It wasn't until a new harbour was built at Stotfield Point in the 1830's that fishing and trade really started to develop, with many fishing families relocating to the town.

Lossiemouth holds a fishing claim to fame, with one of its sons, William Campbell, having designed the immensely popular Zulu fishing boat in 1879, a mainstay of the herring fishing industry until the introduction of the steam drifter. Another famous son of Lossiemouth was James Ramsay MacDonald, who was born in the town in 1866 and went on to become the first British Labour Prime Minister.

Tailor-Made Top Tip: If you are in need of refreshments, the Windswept Brewery has a lovely little tap room that you can visit and sample their fantastic range of beers.


The village of Portgordon was founded in 1797 by Alexander, 4th Duke of Gordon. In 1928 there had been around 40 boats using the harbour, but this declined dramatically after the Second World War. The harbour was closed and fell into neglect, but in 1985 the 69th Gurkha Independent Field Squadron was commissioned to rebuild the harbour and the harbour is now managed by a community action group and is used by small pleasure craft.


Buckie is a burgh town on the Moray Firth and is the third largest town in Moray. The earliest mention of the town was made in 1362, and by the 1900's, Buckie was a thriving port, focusing on fishing and shipbuilding. By 1913 Buckie had the largest steam drifter fleet in Scotland. Food processing remains important and there is a successful shellfish industry.

Tailor-Made Tip: Visit the Buckie and District Fishing Heritage Centre for more information on the fishing industry.

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Findochty is a village in Moray, on the shores of the Moray Firth. One of the earliest references to Findochty is in 1440, when the king granted Findachtifeild to John Dufe, son of John Dufe. Findochty expanded as a fishing port through the 1700s and 1800s, and by 1850 was home to 140 fishing boats. But the expansion in the late 1800s of nearby Buckie provided a better harbour, and some of the fishing fleet had left Findochty by 1890. Findochty harbour is now used mostly by pleasure craft. A local artist, Correna Cowie, created a statue in 1959 of a seated fisherman, known as The Mannie, who watches over the harbour.

Tailor-Made Top Tip: The Admiral’s Inn is an excellent stop for a bite to eat.


Portknockie, which means 'the hilly port' in Gaelic, was founded in 1677 and became a significant herring fishing port during the nineteenth century.

Tailor-Made Top Tip: Make sure to visit the Bow Fiddle Rock, which is one of Scotland’s most memorable sights.

Bow Fiddle Rock, Portknockie
Bow Fiddle Rock, Portknockie


Cullen is a quiet seaside holiday resort, with stunning scenery, long beach and calm waters. Cullen has a long history, with it first appearing in recorded history in 962. It was noted that during this year, the Battle of the Bauds was fought between the Scots King Indulf and the Vikings, where the unfortunate king lost his life. Another royal, this time King Robert the Bruce’s Queen, Elizabeth de Burgh, also died nearby, in 1327. Indeed, her entrails remain buried at the original church.

By the late medieval period, Cullen became a centre of fishing, and by the 1600’s, the quaint fishing cottages in the Seatown area were being built. The industry then experienced a dramatic growth during the 1800’s. The new harbour was completed in 1819, to a Thomas Telford design, with an additional quay being built in 1834. This complemented the creation of the new town of Cullen, which was constructed between 1820 and 1830.

Tailor-Made Top Tip: For an excellent meal, look no further than the Seafield Arms Hotel, which offers exceptional food and service.


Sandend is perhaps the smallest of the many old fishing villages scattered along the north-facing coasts of Moray and Aberdeenshire. Although actually in Aberdeenshire, Sandend is so close to Cullen and so cute, we decided to include it anyway! The gorgeous beach here is popular in summer with families and with surfers and extends about half a mile to the east. The oldest part of Sandend huddles around the south side of its harbour. The village actually predates many of the much larger towns and villages along this coast, being very well established by the early 1600s. The harbour you see today was constructed in the 1800s, and it seems likely that most of the fisher cottages that huddle around it, end on to the sea, date back to around the same time.

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We took the bait and explored these lovely seaside villages and towns of Moray and found our journey to be a fantastic mix of beautiful seascapes, interesting history and quaint harbours. Discover your backyard and visit the Moray coast – it will have you hook, line and sinker! Let us know which is your favourite harbour in Moray.

If you this post, then check out our previous blog post on the fishing villages of Aberdeenshire.

Accommodation Suggestions

A great day trip can be enjoyed in Moray, but to really appreciate this region, we would always recommend spending three to ten days. We have been lucky enough to stay at two great properties on Moray coast and can highly recommend them:

**Disclosure: We have been guests at both properties. Regardless of this, please be advised that our recommendation is genuine and authentically our own.**

Tailor-Made Itineraries delights in creating bespoke self-guided tours. So, if visiting Moray appeals to you, reach out to me by email. I would be more than happy to design a self-guided tour around your requirements incorporating Moray’s attractions, or indeed, a general tour of Scotland.

Related Blog Posts

If you are interested in finding out more about the Moray and Speyside regions of Scotland, please view the Tailor-Made Itineraries posts below:

Comment below and let me know what was your favourite Moray fishing community.

Tailor-Made Itineraries posts every two weeks, and you can subscribe to the latest blog and newsletter here. Until then, happy reading and safe travels.


Tailor-Made Itineraries creates one-of-a-kind bespoke self-guided travel itineraries for adventurous and curious travellers.

These self-guided tours deliver a personalised and exciting holiday experience that takes the effort out of trip planning.

Map of Moray


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